State COVID-19 Reopening Guidelines

 The following resource is intended as a snapshot to help navigate this rapidly-changing environment. Please consult with regulators within the appropriate jurisdiction and your own stakeholders including legal counsel before making a determination on how to best proceed with your company’s operations as your state reopens their economy.

 
California
Reopening Plan: “Reopening During the Coronavirus Pandemic” is a four-stage plan which includes Stage 1: safety and preparedness, Stage 2: lower-risk workplaces; Stage 3: higher-risk workplaces and Stage 4: end of stay at home order. Counties will be evaluated and authorized to move from stage to stage, for county criteria click here. Read the entire Resiliency Roadmap here.
 
Stage 1: Implemented statewide.
Stage 2: Implementation began May 5. Industry guidance can be found here. Lower-risk businesses such as clothing, bookstores, sporting good stores and florists for curbside pickup and delivery are open. The next stage of Stage 2 will allow in-store shopping and dine-in eating. About 20 counties now meet the criteria. The Los Angeles and San Francisco areas remain locked down.
Stage 3: Higher risk workplaces open. Timeline and exact definitions not yet announced.
Stage 4: End of Stay Home order
 
Benchmarks between phases: There are six indicators for modifying the stay at home order and moving from each phase. These indicators are:the ability to monitor and protect our communities through testing, contact tracing, isolating, and supporting those who are positive or exposed; the ability to prevent infection in people who are at risk for more severe COVID-19; the ability of the hospital and health systems to handle surges; the ability to develop therapeutics to meet the demand; the ability for businesses, schools, and child care facilities to support physical distancing; and the ability to determine when to reinstitute certain measures, such as the stay-at-home orders, if necessary.
 
Reopening Task Force: Governor Newsom created the Task Force on Business and Jobs Recovery which  has  80 members and is described here. There will be various committees created for a number of sectors.
 
Contact: David Dickerson (ddickerson@nmma.org)
 
Connecticut
Reopening Plan: “Reopen Connecticut Safer. Stronger. Together” outlines the rules for reopening the state’s economy on May 20th. Read the plan here
 
The following industries were opened prior to May 20th: Manufacturing and Essential Retail. The following industries will reopen on May 20th: remaining retail and outdoor recreation with the following safeguards:
·       Capacity limit of 50% for businesses that reopen.
·       Strict cleaning and disinfection protocols in all settings.
·       Those who can work from home should continue to do so
·       Those in high-risk groups (comorbidities) and over the age of 65 should continue to stay safe and stay home.
·       Facemasks should continue to be worn in public at all times.
·       Social gatherings will be restricted to a maximum of 5 people.
·       Read the full retail sector guidance here.
Business must self-certify and commit to comply with the Sector Rules established to keep their employees and customers safe. Please self-certify here.
 
Benchmarks between phases: The first set of businesses will start reopening when we see a sustained 14-day decline in hospitalizations, have adequate testing capacity, have a contact tracing system in place, and have procured sufficient PPE. The tentative timing for that reopen is May 20th.
 
Reopening Task Force: Connecticut has established a Reopen Connecticut Advisory Group but it is not open to the public.
 
Contact: Libby Yranski (lyranski@nmma.org)
 
Florida
Reopening Plan: The Safe. Smart. Step-by-Step. is a three-step plan to re-open Florida supports the highest practicable level of business operation while maintaining public health and safety. Read the full plan here.
 
Phase 1: “Full” Phase 1 began May 18. It allows restaurants, bars, gyms, barbers and hair salons, sports teams and elective surgery to open at limited capacity. Amusement parks may begin to submit reopening plans. Schools and nursing homes remain closed. It also allows retail to operate at no more than 50% capacity.
 
Phase 2: will take effect once Gov. DeSantis determines it is suitable to continue re-opening and after fully considering medical data in consultation with state health officials.  Retail would be allowed to operate at no more than 75% capacity, they would be required to post signage to direct the flow of customers within the premises to promote social distancing as well as following sanitation protocols.
 
Phase 3: A long-term goal, it would not require social distancing and allows businesses, entertainment venues and public gatherings to resume with no restrictions. Retail would be allowed to operate at full capacity but should continue to maintain adequate sanitation practices for employees and patrons.
 
Benchmarks between phases: Movement from phase one into two and three will require a downward trajectory of the syndromic and epidemiology criteria while maintaining adequate health care capacity. This will occur when there is no evidence of a rebound or resurgence of COVID-19 cases and satisfies the benchmarks outlined in this Safe. Smart. Step-by-Step. Plan.
 
Reopening Task Force: Governor Ron DeSantis created the Re-Open Florida Task Force. A list of Task Force members can be found here.
 
Contact: David Dickerson (ddickerson@nmma.org)
 
Georgia
Reopening Plan: “Reviving a Healthy Georgia” will be a three phase re-open approach. Phase one began on May 12 with Governor Kemp’s Executive Order, this order will expire on May 31. As of May 20, there is no current information regarding phase 2. For further information regarding the Governors’ reopen strategy, read here.
 
Benchmarks between phases: Georgia will prioritize increasing testing throughout the state and will rely on data proving a decline in COVID-19 patients to determine when it will be safe to move forward. social distancing, sanitation and public health safety measures are still in place until June 12.
 
Reopening Task Force: For a complete list of Governor Kemp’s “Coronavirus Task Force,” click here.
 
Contact: Lee Gatts (lgatts@nmma.org
 
Illinois
Reopening Plan: “Restore Illinois” is a 5 phase plan to reopen the Illinois economy. Additionally, the state is broken down into 11 regions. Read more about Restore Illinois here. There are 5 phases in the plan – 1) Rapid Spread; 2) Flattening; 3) Recovery; 4) Revitalization and 5) Illinois Restored. Illinois is currently in Phase 2 – Flattening.
 
 
Benchmarks between phases: The shift from phase 1 into phase 2 was due to the increase to 10,000 tests per day statewide and testing available for symptomatic healthcare workers and first responders.
 
To move to Phase 3 – Recover, which is expected May 29, there must be an at or under 20% positivity rate and increasing no more than 10% over 14 day period; no overall increase in hospital admissions for COVID-19 and available surge capacity of at least 14% of ICU beds, medical and surgical beds and ventilators. Testing must be available for all and contact tracing and monitoring must begin within 24 hours of diagnosis.
 
Once moved into Phase 3 – Recovery; non-essential manufacturing will be able to resume with social distancing and retail can reopen with capacity limits. To move to Phase 4, there must be an at or under 20% positivity rate and increasing no more than 10% over 14 day period; no overall increase in hospital admissions for COVID-19 for 28 days and available surge capacity of at least 14% of ICU beds, medical and surgical beds and ventilators. Testing must be available for all regardless of symptoms or risk factors and contact tracing and monitoring must begin within 24 hours of diagnosis for more than 90% of cases in region.
 
In Phase 4 – Revitalization, gathering of 50 people or fewer is allowable and most sectors of the economy are open with some limitations. Once testing, tracing and treatment is widely available in the state – all sectors of the economy, including conventions, festivals and large events can take place. At that time, Illinois will be in Phase 5 – Illinois Restored.
 
Factors that cause move back in phases include: sustained rise in positivity rate; sustained increase in hospital admissions for COVID-19 like illness; reduction in hospital capacity threatening surge capabilities and; significant outbreak in the region that threatens the health of region
 
Reopening Task Force: Governor Pritzker intends to create 18 stakeholder groups consisting of industry leaders, organized labor and legislators to help devise guidelines for each sector. These groups include the following: retail, health care, personal care services, restaurants and bars, accommodations, transportation, large scale events (conventions, etc), arts and culture, recreation and entertainment, daycare/preschools/day camps, K-12 Education; post-secondary education, including trade schools, social services, professional services (legal, finance, etc), industrial workspaces (manufacturing and warehousing), agriculture, utilities and telecommunications, and construction .
 
Contact: Jill Sims (jsims@nmma.org)
 
Indiana
Reopening Plan: Governor Holcomb established a 5 phased plan, “Back on Track Indiana” to restore the Indianan economy. For additional information on “Back on Track Indiana”, read more here.
 
Stage 1: March 24 – May 4: Only essential businesses in operation. All Hoosiers to stay at home except for essentials, maintain social distance, remote work when possible, no gatherings over 6 people and recommended to use face coverings in public.
 
Stage 2: May 4 – May 23: Manufacturing businesses allowed to open with restrictions; retail capacity at 50%. Some restrictions lifted for Hoosiers; continue to remote work, 65+ should stay home, residents recommended to wear face coverings and no gatherings of 25+.
 
Stage 3: May 24 – June 13: Retail capacity increased to 50%. Hoosiers 65+ encouraged to use caution, all should remote work as possible, residents recommended to wear face coverings, social gatherings permitted up to 100 people and no travel restrictions.
 
Stage 4: June 14 – July 3: Retail in full operation with social distancing. Hoosiers 65+ should remain socially distant; Hoosiers should work remotely as needed, face coverings option, social gatherings permitted up to 250 people and no travel restrictions.
 
Stage 5: July 4 and Beyond:  All sectors of the economy full open with social distancing, including large gatherings of 250+ people.
 
Benchmarks between phases: “Back on Track Indiana” will deploy a three-pronged approach to combat COVID-19 through robust testing, trace identification and protecting Hoosiers through PPE. It is important to note, counties may be permitted to advance to the next stage or be required to stay at a current stage or return to a prior stage when considering, among other things, the following: the number of hospitalized COVID-19 patients; the capacity for critical care beds and ventilators; the availability to test for COVID-19; and the capacity for contact tracing.
 
Contact: Jill Sims (jsims@nmma.org)
 
Maryland
Reopening PlanMaryland Strong: Roadmap to Recovery includes a three staged plan for reopening businesses and the economy gradually using a phased-in approach based on downward trends in infection rates and sufficient capacity in hospitals, testing and tracing. These three stages are low risk, medium risk and high risk activities. These stages are broad in character and contemplate being multi-phased within each stage. These sub-phases will be announced when the Governor determines gating benchmarks for the safe rollout of additional openings exist. Changes will necessarily be made to the plan throughout the implementation, in a safe manner, as warranted by public health and economic conditions.
 
Benchmarks for phases: There are no set dates for implementing the plan’s three tiers and multiple phases. It includes “stop signs” signaling that more stringent measures will be reinstated if infection rates rise significantly. Within each of those broad categories, the governor will announce which jurisdictions have met the health criteria that permits a change in operation guidelines for businesses and for people.
Low Risk: The decisions on what “Low Risk” activities can resume will not be announced in whole as one package, but rather as a phased rollout over a period of time using the White House’s recommended gating protocols  Stage one of the “low Risk” tier began May 15. It is a flexible, community-based approach that empowers individual jurisdictions to make decisions regarding the timing of reopening businesses.
Medium risk: A longer stage of the initial recovery, with many weeks between progress toward greater flexibility in business operations.
High risk: There is no realistic timeline yet from any of the scientific experts for achieving this level, as it requires either a widely available and FDA-approved vaccine or safe and effective therapeutics
began May 15 and allows manufacturing and limited commerce. The status of regions of the state can be found here.
 
Reopening Task Force: Maryland Coronavirus Response Advisory Teamfor medical issues and13 Industry Recovery Advisory Groups, including manufacturing and tourism.
 
Contact: David Dickerson (ddickerson@nmma.org)
 
Massachusetts
Reopening Plan: “Reopening Massachusetts” outlines the four phases of the Commonwealth to open they are: phase 1: Start, phase 2: cautious, phase 3: vigilant and phase 4: new normal. On May 18 the state moved into Phase one, read more here. In order to reopen, businesses must develop a written COVID-19 Control Plan outlining how its workplace will prevent the spread of COVID-19.
Phase 1 Dates:
May 18th – Essential businesses, manufacturing and construction may resume. Manufacturing safety guidelines can be found here.
May 25th - Retail remote fulfilment and curbside pickup. Beaches and most outdoor activities, including recreational boating businesses and the charter/for-hire fishing industry, may reopen and resume with guidelines. Specific guidelines can be found below:
Updated recreational boating access guidance can be found here.
Charter and for-hire fishing guidance can be found here.
Reopening Standards for Recreational Boating Businesses can be found here.
 
Benchmarks between phases: Each phase will last a minimum of three weeks and could last longer before moving to the next phase. If public health data trends are negative, specific industries, regions, and/or the entire Commonwealth may need to return to an earlier phase.  There are six key public health indicators that will show progress throughout the state including: COVID-19 positive test rate, number of individuals who died from COVID-19, number of patients with COVID-19, healthcare system readiness, testing capacity and contact tracing capabilities.
 
Reopening Task Force: The Reopening Advisory Board is Co-Chaired by Lt. Governor Karyn Polito and Housing and Economic Development Secretary Mike Kennealy. The Board includes representatives from the business community, public health officials, and municipal leaders from across the Commonwealth.
 
Contact: Libby Yranski (lyranski@nmma.org)
 
Michigan
Reopening Plan:  Michigan’s “Safe Start” plan is built in 6 phases to reopen the Michigan economy. Additionally, the state is split into 8 regions. Read more about the Michigan Safe Start plan here.
The phases include:
 
Phase 1: Uncontrolled growth: Increasing cases – overwhelmed healthcare system. Critical infrastructure businesses only.
 
Phase 2: Persistent spread: Continue to see high case levels with concern about health care system capacity. Critical infrastructure businesses only.
 
Phase 3: Flattening: Case growth gradually declining; continued distancing. Specified lower risk businesses with strict workplace safety measures allowed to reopen: construction, manufacturing, real estate and outdoor work.
 
Phase 4: Improving: Cases, hospitalizations and deaths are clearly declining. Additional lower risk businesses can open with strict safety measures; such as other retail with capacity limits; offices but telework if possible.

Phase 5: Containing: Continued case and death rate improvements and outbreaks can quickly be controlled. Most businesses open with strict mitigation practices (restaurants, bars, schools, travel).
 
Phase 6: Post-pandemic: All businesses, events and gatherings are open with new safety guidance.
 
Benchmarks between phases: Reopening will focus on 3 central questions: A) Is the epidemic growing, flattening, or declining? B) Does our healthy system have the capacity to address current needs? Can it cope with a potential surge of new cases? C) Are our testing and tracing efforts sufficient to monitor the epidemic and control its spread?
 
What factors determine progression to next phase?
Phase 1 to 2: Analysis shows epidemic growth rates slowing. Hospital and treatment capacity built, alternative care facilities established. Infrastructure for crisis response and data systems to monitor progression are in place.
 
Phase 2 to 3: Cases, deaths decline for extended period. Monitor impact on vulnerable populations. Sufficient health system capacity in place. Improved testing, contract tracing and containment capacity.
 
Phase 3 to 4: Cases and deaths decline more sharply, percent positivity decreasing. Healthcare system capacity continues to strengthen. Robust testing, contact tracing and containment protocols in place.
 
Phase 4 to 5: Cases and deaths at low absolute rates per capita. Health system capacity is very strong. Robust testing, contact tracing and containment protocols in place.
 
Phase 5 to 6: High uptake of an effective therapy or vaccine.
 
Note: it is also possible to move backwards if risk increases and if we stop adhering to safe practices.
 
Reopening Task Force: Governor Whitmer announced the creation of advisory workgroups to provide input on safely engaging various sectors of the economy. The first round of work groups include childcare, hair salons/barbershops, home services providers, outdoor recreation and restaurants/bars. Subsequent workgroups that are expected to be established include amateur sports, churches/community centers, congregate care facilities (criminal justice settings, nursing homes, adult foster care, homeless shelters, etc.), entertainment, gyms, libraries, retail, rideshare/taxi/limo, traditional office setting, travel/tourism, and wellness services.
 
Contact: Jill Sims (jsims@nmma.org)
 
Minnesota
Reopening Plan:  Minnesota has not outlined specific reopening plan with phases. Governor Tim Walz has referenced “turning the dial” on the economy to open up different sectors. In April, Governor Walz reopened manufacturing as well as outdoor recreation sectors which support boating. In May, Governor Walz in Executive Order 56 reopened retail businesses with capacity limits. For further information provided by Minnesota Department of Economic Development (DEED) on Safely Returning to Work, read more here.
 
Benchmarks between phases: While there have not been specific bench marks laid out by the Walz administration; various executive orders have outlined opportunities for sectors of the economy to reopen. Additionally, the administration has focused on “Safely Adjusting the Dial”, which can be found here.
 
Key factors for reopening sectors of the economy include:
·       Case infections – slowed rates of positive cases
·       Hospital preparedness – ensuring beds, ventilators and PPE are readily available
·       Social distancing statistics – ensuring Minnesotan’s cooperate with social distancing measures
·       Testing – goal of testing at least 5,000+ daily
Contact: Jill Sims (jsims@nmma.org)
 
Reopening Plan: Show Me Strong Recovery Plan has two phases. Phase 1 began May 4 and will end May 31, although it may be extended until June 15. Phase 1 allows the reopening ofall businesses provided that the social distancing guidelines set forth in the new health order are followed. Some businesses will be required to take additional precautions to protect their employees and the public, such as occupancy limits at retail locations Business guidance can be found here. There have not been any additional details released regarding Phase two implementation.
 
Benchmarks between phases: The movement between phase one and phase two will be based on the status of the following:
  1. TESTING: Rapidly expand testing capacity and volume in the state, including testing for those who are currently contagious and those who have developed immunity to the virus.
  2. PPE: Expanding reserves of personal protective equipment (PPE) by opening public and private supply chains, and continuing to utilize Missouri businesses in that effort.
  3. HOSPITALS: Continuing to monitor and, if necessary, expanding hospital and health care system capacity, including isolation and alternate care facilities for those that cannot self-quarantine at home.
  4. PREDICT: Improving the ability to predict potential outbreaks using Missouri’s public health data.
 
 
Reopening Task Force: None
 
Contact: David Dickerson (ddickerson@nmma.org)
 
New Jersey
Reopening Plan:  Governor Phil Murphy announced his vision, "The Road Back: Restoring Economic Health Through Public Health," to restart New Jersey and put the state on the road to recovery. This plan has four stages 1 – 3 and the “new normal”, read more here.
New Jersey entered Phase one on May 18 which includes non-essential retail businesses may allow curbside pickup of goods but businesses must continue to have their in-store operations closed to customers. Businesses who choose to offer curbside pickup must abide by the requirements in Governor Murphy’s Order, which include but are not limited to the following:
·      In-store operations should be limited to those employees who are responsible for the operations required for curbside pickup;
·      Customer transactions should be handled in advance by phone, email, facsimile or other means that avoid person-to-person contact;
·      Customers shall notify the retailer by text message, email, or phone once they arrive, or make best efforts to schedule their arrival time in advance. The customer should be asked to remain in their vehicle, if arriving by car, until store staff delivers the purchase;
·      Designated employees should bring goods outside of the retail establishment and place goods directly in a customer's vehicle when possible, avoiding person-to-person contact; and
·      Such businesses must follow social distancing and mitigation practices outlined in previous orders, including requiring workers to wear cloth face coverings when in contact with other workers or customers and gloves when in contact with goods or customers.
Phase 1 also allows relaxed outdoor activities however boaters are reminded they cannot congregate in parking lots, at boat ramps or at popular fishing locations. Parking lots at state parks has been reduced by 50%. Beginning May 20, Governor Murphy has added boat dealerships to the list of essential businesses that may open however they must operate following strict provisions, found here.
 
Benchmarks between phases: New Jersey will move toward subsequent stages based on data that demonstrates improvements in public health and the capacity to safeguard the public. If public health indicators, safeguarding, or compliance worsen on a sustained basis, New Jersey will be prepared to move back to more restrictive stages as well. The restart will be phased-in within each stage, rather than opening all businesses and activities at once within a stage. There are six principles and key metrics that will guide the process for lifting restrictions. These metrics include:
Principle 1: Demonstrate sustained reductions in new COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations; 14 day trend lines showing appreciable and sustained drop in cases.
Principle 2: Expand testing capacity
Principle 3: Implement robust contact tracing
Principle 4: Secure safe places and resources for isolation and quarantine
Principle 5: Executive a responsible economic restarts
Principle 6: Ensure New Jersey’s resiliency
 
Contact: Libby Yranski (lyranski@nmma.org)
 
New York
Reopening PlanNew York Forward is a regional approach with multiple metrics applied regionally. The state has been split into 10 regions.
Phase I will include: Construction, Manufacturing, Wholesale Trade, Select Retail for Curbside Pickup Only, Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing
Phase 2: Professional Services Finance and Insurance Retail Administrative Support Real Estate, Rental, and Leasing
Phase 3: Restaurants and Food Services
Phase 4: Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation Education
 
The following regions met the seven metrics required to begin reopening and reopened on May 15. North Country (Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Hamilton, Jefferson, Lewis, St. Lawrence counties), Finger Lakes (Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Ontario, Orleans, Seneca, Wayne, Wyoming, Yates counties), Southern Tier (Broome, Chemung, Chenango, Delaware, Schuyler, Steuben, Tioga, Tompkins counties), and Mohawk Valley (Fulton, Herkimer, Montgomery, Oneida, Otsego, Schoharie counties). These regions include the following counties:  There are five types of nonessential businesses that can reopen in the eligible regions beginning Friday, which the state is calling "Phase 1": construction, manufacturing, wholesale trade, retail (for curbside pickup only) and agriculture, forestry and fishing.
 
Benchmarks between phases: Regions will begin reopening of businesses when the infection rate is sufficiently low; the health care system has the capacity to absorb a potential resurgence in new cases; diagnostic testing capacity is sufficiently high to detect and isolate new cases; and robust contact-tracing capacity is in place to help prevent the spread of the virus. Each region will open gradually with at least two weeks between phases.
Reopening Task Force: 100 business, community and civic leaders comprise theNew York Forward Reopening Advisory Board.
 
Contact: David Dickerson (ddickerson@nmma.org)
 
North Carolina
Reopening Plan:  The “Stay Ahead of the Curve” reopen strategy is a three-phase plan. Currently, the State is in phase 1. For complete details of each phase, click here.
 
Benchmarks between phases: Governor Cooper announced that the state will analyze the following metrics in order to determine when to proceed to the subsequent phases: COVID-like syndromic cases over 14 days; lab-confirmed cases over 14 days; positive tests as a percentage of total tests over 14 days; and hospitalizations over 14 days. Phase two will occur at least 2 – 3 weeks after phase one, phase three will occur at least 4 – 6 weeks after phase two.
 
Reopening Task Force: For information provided by the NC Coronavirus Task Force, click here.
 
Contact: Lee Gatts (LGatts@nmma.org)
 
Ohio
Reopening Plan: “Responsible RestartOhio” is a plan to reopen the Ohio economy guided by the principles of protecting the health of employees, customers, and their families, supporting community efforts to control the spread of COVID-19 and responsibly getting Ohio back to work.
 
The plan established some sectors, such as manufacturing, to return to work on May 4. Other sectors are still closed as outlined. There have not been deliberate benchmarks noted as to when there will be changes for the sectors of business still closed. Read more here.
 
Reopening Task Force: There are multiple advisory groups for Responsible Restart Ohio. You can read more details about each group here. The groups are as follows: personal services group, restaurant advisory group, casinos and racino group, travel and tourism group, fair advisory group, outdoor recreation advisory group, gyms advisory group, large venue advisory group, and sport leagues advisory group.
 
Contact: Jill Sims (jsims@nmma.org)
 
South Carolina
Reopening Plan:  Governor McMaster released the “accerlerateSC” reopening plan that will have “multiple phases” to reopen the State Economy. Read more here.
 
Benchmarks between phases: South Carolina is currently in phase 1 of the reopen strategy as defined in Governor McMasters’ Executive Order. No further information has been given regarding advancement to additional phases.
 
Reopening Task Force: For more information regarding the “accelerateSC” task force, click here.
 
Contact: Lee Gatts (lgatts@nmma.org
 
 
Tennessee
Reopening Plan: Governor Lee has released the “Tennessee Pledge” reopening plan, that will have “multiple phases.” Read more here. The pledge includes guidance and best practices for businesses. The general guidelines for all business here.
 
Benchmarks between phases: Tennessee has made progress on slowing the spread of disease and improving Tennessee’s readiness. Below are the following metrics the State is tracking:
 
• Disease monitoring: The curve of illness is flattening. Syndromic data monitoring of influenza-like illness has seen a steady decline since mid-March and syndromic data monitoring of COVID-19-like illness has seen a steady decline since the end of March. The daily growth rate of new cases reported has been stable for more than 14 days.
 
• Increase in testing: Tennessee has dramatically increased testing capacity, with rapid deployment of large volume and rapid testing when cases are identified in high-risk populations. Testing is available throughout the state, and residents have access to testing via health care providers, local health departments and drive-thru stations in every part of the state. Testing for expanded symptomatology has also been implemented to better ascertain the true volume of disease. There has been a downward trajectory of positive tests as a percentage of total tests since April 1.
 
• Increase in health care capacity: Careful monitoring of hospital bed usage shows capacity to treat COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients. The UCG has been working with hospitals, providers and regional planning groups to increase the capacity of current facilities to “surge” if and when it is needed and to plan for additional clinical alternative care sites if needed.
 
• Increase in PPE available: Tennessee has been working closely with businesses across the state and beyond to identify possible sources of masks, gloves and other forms of PPE. The UCG has streamlined requests for PPE through regional emergency management coordinators and TEMA. To date, millions of dollars have been dedicated to the purchase of PPE to supplement routine supply channels for health care workers and first responders.
 
Reopening Task Force: For more information regarding the Tennessee Economic Recovery Group, click here.
 
Contact: Lee Gatts (lgatts@nmma.org
 
Texas
Reopening PlanTexans Helping Texans: The Open Texas Report is a five-step plan tied to specific dates. Texas entered Phase 2 on May 18. Opened services and activities under Phase II are subject to certain occupancy limits and health and safety protocols. A full list of  phases, dates and businesses and activities that will be opened in each phase can be found here. Phases will be effective on May 5, 8, 18, 22 and 31.
 
Benchmarks between phases: The Governor has been using two major benchmarks for continuing to reopen Texas businesses, the first is hospital rates and the second is CONVID-19 positivity rates. As these two have decreased, more businesses have been allowed to reopen.
 
Reopening Task Force:  Members of the Strike Force to Reopen Texas can be found here. Contact: David Dickerson (ddickerson@nmma.org)
 
Washington
Reopening Plan:  Governor Inslee’s Safe Start phased in plan can be read here. As of May 18, ten counties, including Asotin, Columbia, Ferry, Garfield, Lincoln, Pend Oreille, Skamania, Stevens, Wahkiahum, and Whitman, have received guidance to move into phase 2, which allows in-store retail operations may resume with limitations. Retailers must follow the guidance found here. All other counties remain in phase 1. Read more here.
 
Phase 1 allows: some outdoor recreation; essential businesses open; auto/RV/boat/ORV sales; retail (curb-side pick-up orders only)
Phase 2 allows: outdoor recreation involving 5 o fewer people outside of your household; remaining manufacturing - retail (in-store purchases allowed with restrictions)
 
Benchmarks between phases: Before reopening Washington and modifying physical distancing measures, COVID-19 disease burden must be low and decreasing as measured by: Number and trend of COVID-19 cases, hospitalizations and deaths in Washington State; Modeling data, including Institute for Disease Modeling on Puget Sound area rates of COVID-19 spread, University of Washington Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation modeling, and Youyang Gu modeling; Mobility trends in Washington State, including WSDOT traffic data and Google Mobility Data. 
 
The state will stay in every phase for a minimum of three weeks. During that time, the Department of Health and the Governor will re-evaluate the above indicators and determine if the state should remain in the current phase, advance to the next phase or return to the previous phase. No phase will last less than three weeks before moving to the next phase, in order to allow one complete disease incubation period plus an additional week to compile complete data and confirm trends.
 
A number of different factors were considered when deciding which activities could be resumed and which businesses could be reopened in various phases. These factors included: risk of disease spread during the individual or business activity; number of people who could potentially be infected during the individual or business activity; economic benefits to opening the business; individual benefits to opening the business.
 
Contact: Libby Yranski (lyranski@nmma.org)
 
Wisconsin
Reopening Plan: “Badger Bounce Back Plan” was put forth by Governor Tony Evers to decrease COVID-19 cases and deaths to a low level and increase capacity in health care systems for a phased opening of Wisconsin businesses. Read more about the Badger Bounce Back Plan here.
 
Benchmarks between phases: The Badger Bounce Back plan notes the following metrics should be in place before moving from “Safer at Home” to “Badger Bounce Back”
·       Access to more testing and labs
·       Expanded contact tracing
·       Aggressively tracking the spread
·       Access to more PPE and supplies
·       Increased health care system capacity
On May 13, the Wisconsin Supreme Court overturned the Stay at Home order; thus creating confusion and complexities to reopening and resuming business operations. Currently, Governor Evers has indicated that local government will implement policies and procedures as to reopening.
 
 
Contact: Jill Sims (jsims@nmma.org)